The United Kingdom is located on an island just off of the shores of continental Europe. This European nation has been influential in western history. It is from the colonies settled by the people of the United Kingdom that many modern countries developed.
The United Kingdom includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Often it is also called "England" or "Britain," but the official name is the United Kingdom. Today the UK is an economic and military leader in the global economy, and has contributed much to the economy, culture, and scientific understanding of the modern world. Today, it is also known for its iconic royal family, which have become celebrities of sorts in global culture.